Network Access Control: NAC Framework Components

Network Access Control - NAC Components

What is NAC in telecom? 

NAC can be used to restrict access based on specific criteria, such as IP address, MAC address, or user credentials. NAC can also be used to monitor and log activity on a network, making it an important tool for security analysts.

By denying access to devices that do not meet certain criteria, NAC can help reduce the risk of malware or other malicious activity on a network.

When deployed inline, the NAC appliance inspects all packets passing through it and makes decisions about whether to allow or deny access based on the configured rules.

What are the components of NAC?

NAC, or Network Access Control, is a system that controls how users and devices connect to a network.

The hardware component of NAC is the network device itself, such as a router or switch. The agent enforces the policies set by the administrator.

Endpoint security application:

An endpoint security application is a software program that is installed on each computer or device that connects to a network. The endpoint security application enforces the policies set by the administrator, such as requiring all computers to have up-to-date antivirus software.

The endpoint security application can also help reduce the spread of malware by ensuring that all computers on the network are free of viruses before they are allowed to connect.

Firewall:

A firewall typically contains a set of rules that determine what traffic is allowed through and what traffic is blocked.

Firewalls are often used to protect private networks from outside access.  Firewalls can also help reduce the spread of malware by blocking certain types of traffic that are known to carry viruses or other malicious code.

Posture agent:

A posture agent is a software program that runs on a computer or other device and collects information about the system’s compliance with security policies. The agent then reports this information to a central server, which can be used to determine whether the system is allowed to connect to the network.

The posture agent typically collects information about the following:

– The operating system and version

– The installed security patches

If any of these items are not in compliance with the security policy, the system will be blocked from accessing the network. This helps to ensure that only systems that meet minimum security standards can connect, which can help reduce the risk of malware infections or other security breaches.

Network access devices:

Network access devices include routers, switches, and other devices that manage traffic on a network.

The software component of NAC is the NAC agent, which is installed on each user’s computer or device. The agent enforces the policies set by the administrator.

A policy might require that all computers have up-to-date antivirus software before they are allowed to connect to the network.

NAC can provide a high level of security for networks by preventing unauthorized users and devices from gaining access. It can also help reduce the spread of malware by ensuring that all computers on the network are free of viruses before they are allowed to connect.

Cisco Policy server:

The Cisco Policy Server is installed on each user’s computer or device and checks for compliance with the policies before allowing access to the network.

NAC can provide a high level of security for networks by preventing unauthorized users and devices from gaining access. It can also help reduce the spread of malware by ensuring that all computers on the network are free of viruses before they are allowed to connect.

Optional servers that operate as policy server decision points and audit servers:

A policy server decision point (PSDP) is an optional server in a NAC system that makes decisions about whether or not to allow a user or device to connect to the network.

This includes information about which users and devices have attempted to connect to the network, when they attempted to connect, and whether or not they were successful. Audit servers can be used to troubleshoot problems with the NAC system or investigate suspicious activity.

Conclusion:

NAC components can provide a high level of security for networks by preventing unauthorized users and devices from gaining access. It can also help reduce the spread of malware by ensuring that all computers on the network are free of viruses before they are allowed to connect.

By Admin

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